Native Seed: Wildflowers & Legumes

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SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME  
Achillea millefolium Yarrow FACU M-DM
2′
White Jun-Aug

Acorus americanus Sweet Flag OBL W-WM
2′
Green May-Jul

Actinomeris alternifolia Wingstem FACW WM-M
8′
Yellow Jul-Oct  
Agastache foeniculum Anise Hyssop M-DM
3′
Purple Jun-Sep

Agastache scrophulariifolia Purple Giant Hyssop UPL WM-DM
6′
Purple Jul-Oct

Alisma subcordatum Water Plantain OBL W
3′
White Jun-Sep

Alisma triviale Northern Water Plantain OBL W
3′
White Jun-Sep

Allium canadense Wild Garlic FACU WM-D
18"
Pink May-Jul

Allium cernuum Nodding Onion FACU WM-DM
18"
Lavender Jul-Aug

Allium stellatum Prairie Onion UPL M-D
14"
Lavender Jul-Aug

Amorpha canescens Leadplant UPL M-D
3′
Purple Jun-Aug

Amorpha fruticosa False Indigo FACW+ WM-DM
12′
Purple Jun-Aug  
Anemone canadensis Canada Anemone FACW WM-M
1′
White May-Jun

Anemone cylindrica Thimbleweed UPL M-D
2′
White Jun-Jul

Anemone patens Pasque Flower UPL DM-D
6"
Lavender Apr-May

Anemone virginiana Tall Thimbleweed UPL M-DM
3′
White Jun-Aug

Angelica atropurpurea Angelica OBL WM-M
7′
White May-Jun

Aquilegia canadensis Columbine FAC- M-D
2′
Red & Yellow Apr-Jun

Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-Pulpit FACW- WM-DM
2′
Green Apr-Jul

Artemisia caudata Beach Wormwood UPL D
2′
Green Aug-Oct

Artemisia ludoviciana Prairie Sage UPL M-D
3′
Green Jul-Sep

Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed OBL W-M
4′
Red Jun-Aug

Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed UPL WM-D
3′
Purple Jun-Aug

Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed UPL M-D
2′
Orange Jun-Aug

Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed UPL M-D
2′
White Jul-Sep

Aster azureus Sky Blue Aster UPL M-D
3′
Blue Aug-Oct

Aster ciliolatus Lindley’s Aster   WM-DM
3′
Blue Jul-Oct

Aster drummondii Drummond’s Aster UPL WM-DM
3′
Blue Sep-Oct

Aster ericoides Heath Aster FACU- M-D
2′
White Aug-Oct

Aster laevis Smooth Blue Aster UPL WM-DM
4′
Blue Aug-Oct

Aster lateriflorus Calico Aster FACW- WM-DM
2′
White Aug-Oct

Aster macrophyllus Large-leaved Aster UPL WM-D
1′
White Aug-Oct

Aster novae-angliae New England Aster FACW W-DM
4′
Purple Aug-Oct

Aster oblongifolius Aromatic Aster UPL DM-D
2′
Purple Aug-Sep  
Aster pilosus Frost Aster FACU+ WM-D
3′
White Sep-Oct  
Aster ptarmicoides Upland White Aster UPL DM-D
1′
White Jun-Sep

Aster puniceus Swamp Aster OBL W-WM
5′
Blue Aug-Oct

Aster sagittifolius Arrow-leaved Aster UPL M-DM
3′
Blue Aug-Oct

Aster sericeus Silky Aster UPL DM-D
1′
Purple Sep-Oct

Aster simplex Panicled Aster OBL WM-M
5′
White Sep-Oct

Aster umbellatus Flat-topped Aster FACW W-M
5′
Cream Aug-Oct

Astragalus canadensis Canada Milk Vetch FAC+ WM-DM
3′
Cream Jun-Aug

Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo FACU+ WM-D
4′
White Jun-Jul

Baptisia australis Blue Wild Indigo UPL WM-M
4′
Blue May-Jul  
Baptisia leucophaea Cream Wild Indigo UPL M-D
2′
Cream May-Jun

Bidens aristosa mutica Swamp Marigold FACW W-WM
4′
Yellow Aug-Oct  
Bidens cernua Nodding Bur Marigold OBL W-WM
3′
Yellow Jun-Sep

Bidens coronata Tall Swamp Marigold OBL W-WM
4′
Yellow Aug-Oct  
Bidens frondosa Beggar’s Tick FACW W-WM
3′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Boltonia asteroides False Aster FACW W-WM
4′
White Aug-Oct

Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold OBL W-WM
2′
Yellow Apr-Jun

Campanula americana Tall Bellflower FAC WM-DM
5′
Blue Jul-Oct

Cassia hebecarpa Wild Senna FACW WM-M
5′
Yellow Jul-Aug

Cassia marilandica Maryland Senna FACW WM-DM
4′
Yellow Jul-Aug  
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea UPL DM-D
3′
White Jun-Jul

Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush OBL W-WM
8′
White Jun-Aug  
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea FACU- M-D
2′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Chelone glabra Turtlehead OBL W-WM
5′
Cream Jul-Sep

Cicuta maculate Water Hemlock OBL W-WM
6′
White Jul-Sep  
Clematis virginiana Virgin’s Bower FAC WM-M
9′
White Jul-Sep  
Coreopsis lanceolata Sand Coreopsis FACU DM-D
2′
Yellow May-Aug

Coreopsis palmata Prairie Coreopsis FACU M-D
2′
Yellow Jun-Aug

Coreopsis tinctoria Plains Coreopsis FAC WM
2′
Yellow Apr-Jun  
Coreopsis tripteris Tall Coreopsis FAC WM-DM
7′
Yellow Jul-Oct

Dalea candidum White Prairie Clover UPL M-D
2′
White Jun-Sep

Dalea purpurea Purple Prairie Clover UPL M-D
2′
Purple Jul-Sep

Decodon verticillatus Swamp Loosestrife OBL W-WM
3′
Purple Jul-Sep  
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois Bundle Flower UPL M-D
5′
Yellow Jul-Aug

Desmodium canadense Showy Tick Trefoil FAC- WM-DM
5′
Purple Jul-Aug

Desmodium illinoense Illinois Tick Trefoil UPL DM-D
6′
Purple Jul-Aug

Dodecatheon meadia Midland Shooting Star FACU WM-DM
1′
Lavender Apr-Jun

Echinacea angustifolia Narrow-leaved Coneflower DM-D
2′
Pink Jun-Jul

Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Coneflower UPL M-D
3′
Lavender Jun-Jul

Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower UPL WM-DM
4′
Purple Jul-Sep

Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master FAC+ WM-DM
4′
White Jul-Sep

Eupatorium altissimum Tall Boneset FACU WM-DM
4′
White Aug-Oct

Eupatorium coelestinum Mist Flower FACW WM-M
2′
Blue Sep-Oct  
Eupatorium maculatum Joe Pye Weed OBL W-WM
5′
Rose Jun-Aug

Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset FACW+ W-WM
4′
White Jul-Sep

Eupatorium purpureum Sweet Joe Pye Weed UPL WM-DM
7′
Pink Jul-Sep

Eupatorium rugosum White Snakeroot UPL WM-DM
2′
White Jul-Oct

Euphorbia corollata Flowering Spurge UPL M-D
3′
White Jun-Aug

Gallium boreale Northern Bedstraw FAC W-DM
2′
White Jun-Aug  
Gentiana andrewsii Bottle Gentian FACW WM-M
2′
Blue Aug-Oct

Gentiana flavida Cream Gentian FACU WM-DM
3′
Cream Aug-Sep

Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium FACU M-DM
1′
Lavender Apr-Jul

Glycyrrhiza lepidota Wild Licorice FACU- WM-D
2′
Cream Jun-Jul  
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed FACW+ W-WM
4′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Helianthus giganteus Giant Sunflower FACW WM-M
8′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Helianthus grosseserratus Sawtooth Sunflower FACW- WM-DM
8′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Helianthus laetiflorus Showy Sunflower UPL DM-D
5′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Helianthus maximiliani Maximillian’s Sunflower UPL WM-DM
7′
Yellow Aug-Sep

Helianthus occidentalis Western Sunflower FACU- M-D
3′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Helianthus strumosus Woodland Sunflower UPL WM-DM
3′
Yellow Jul-Oct

Heliopsis helianthoides Ox-eye Sunflower UPL WM-DM
5′
Yellow Jun-Sep

Heracleum maximum Cow Parsnip FACW WM-M
8′
White Jun-Jul  
Heuchera richardsonii Prairie Alumroot FAC- WM-D
2′
White May-Jul

Hibiscus militarus Rose Mallow OBL W-WM
5′
Pink Jul-Sep  
Hypericum pyramidatum Great St. John’s Wort FAC+ WM-M
5′
Yellow Jul-Aug

Iris versicolor Northern Blue Flag Iris OBL W-M
3′
Blue May-Jul

Iris virginica shrevei Southern Blue Flag Iris OBL W-M
3′
Blue May-Jul

Kuhnia eupatorioides False Boneset UPL DM-D
3′
Cream Aug-Sep

Lespedeza capitata Round-headed Bush Clover FACU M-D
4′
Green Aug-Sep

Liatris aspera Button Blazingstar UPL M-D
3′
Purple Jul-Oct

Liatris cylindracea Dwarf Blazingstar UPL DM-D
1′
Purple Jul-Oct

Liatris ligulistylis Meadow Blazingstar FACU WM-D
5′
Purple Aug-Sep

Liatris punctata Dotted Blazingstar UPL DM-D
2′
Rose Jul-Sep

Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazingstar FAC- W-M
4′
Purple Jul-Sep

Liatris scariosa Northern Blazingstar UPL M-D
2′
Purple Aug-Sep  
Liatris spicata Marsh Blazingstar FAC W-M
5′
Purple Jul-Sep

Lilium supurbum Turk’s Cap Lily FACW WM-M
6′
Orange Jul-Aug  
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower OBL W-WM
4′
Red Jul-Sep

Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia FACW+ W-M
3′
Blue Jul-Oct

Ludwigia alternifolia Seedbox OBL WM
3′
Yellow Jun-Aug

Lupinus perennis Wild Lupine UPL DM-D
2′
Blue May-Jul

Lycopus americanus Water Horehound OBL W-WM
2′
White Jul-Sep

Mimulus ringens Monkey Flower OBL W-WM
2′
Violet Jun-Sep

Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot FACU WM-D
4′
Lavender Jul-Sep

Monarda punctata Spotted Bee Balm UPL DM-D
2′
Lavender Jul-Sep

Napaea dioica Glade Mallow FACW- WM-M
7′
White Jun-Aug

Oenothera biennis Common Evening Primrose FACU WM-D
6′
Yellow Jun-Sep

Osmorhiza claytoni Sweet Cicely FACU+ WM-DM
2′
White May-Jun

Parthenium integrifolium Wild Quinine UPL M-DM
4′
White Jun-Sep

Pedicularis canadensis Wood Betony FACU+ WM-D
1′
Yellow Apr-May

Pedicularis lanceolata Marsh Betony FACW+ W-WM
3′
Yellow Aug-Sep

Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue FAC- M-DM
4′
White Jun-Jul

Penstemon grandiflorus Large-flowered Beardtongue UPL DM-D
2′
Lavender May-Jun

Penthorum sedoides Ditch Stonecrop OBL W-WM
2′
Green Jun-Sep

Phlox pilosa Prairie Phlox FAC- WM-D
2′
Pink May-Jul

Physostegia virginiana Obedient Plant FACW- W-M
4′
Pink Aug-Sep

Polemonium reptans Jacob’s Ladder FAC WM-DM
1′
Blue Apr-Jun

Polygonatum canaliculatum Solomon’s Seal FACU M-DM
4′
Green May-Jun

Polygonum pennsylvanicum Pennsylvania Smartweed FACW W-M
3′
Pink Jun-Oct

Potentilla arguta Prairie Cinquefoil FACU- DM-D
2′
Yellow Jun-Sep

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Slender Mountain Mint FAC WM-DM
2′
White Jun-Sep

Pycnanthemum virginianum Mountain Mint FACW+ W-DM
3′
White Jun-Sep

Ratibida columnifera Long-headed Coneflower UPL M-D
3′
Yellow Jun-Aug

Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower UPL M-DM
5′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Rosa arkansana Prairie Wild Rose UPL WM-D
2′
Pink Jun-Aug

Rosa blanda Early Wild Rose FACU M-D
5′
Pink Jun-Jul

Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan FACU WM-D
2′
Yellow Jun-Oct

Rudbeckia laciniata Wild Golden Glow FACW+ WM-M
7′
Yellow Jul-Oct

Rudbeckia subtomentosa Sweet Black-eyed Susan FACW+ WM-DM
5′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Rudbeckia triloba Brown-eyed Susan FAC- WM-DM
5′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Ruellia humilis Wild Petunia FACU- M-D
1′
Violet Jun-Aug  
Sagittaria latifolia Common Arrowhead OBL W
3′
White Jul-Sep

Scrophularia lanceolata Early Figwort FAC+ WM-D
5′
Green May-Jul

Scrophularia marilandica Late Figwort FACU- M-DM
6′
Green Jul-Oct  
Scutellaria lateriflora Mad Dog Skullcap OBL W-WM
2′
Blue Jul-Sep  
Silphium integrifolium Rosin Weed UPL WM-D
5′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Silphium laciniatum Compass Plant UPL WM-D
8′
Yellow Jun-Sep

Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant FACW- WM-M
8′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Dock FACU WM-DM
9′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Smilacina racemosa Solomon’s Plume FACU WM-D
2′
White Apr-Jun  
Solidago gigantea Giant Goldenrod FACW W-M
6′
Yellow Aug-Sep  
Solidago gramnifolia Grass-leaved Goldenrod FACW- W-D
2′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Solidago juncea Early Goldenrod UPL M-D
3′
Yellow Jul-Sep  
Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod UPL DM-D
2′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Solidago ohioensis Ohio Goldenrod OBL W-M
3′
Yellow Jul-Sep

Solidago riddellii Riddell’s Goldenrod OBL W-M
3′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Solidago rigida Stiff Goldenrod FACU- WM-D
4′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Solidago speciosa Showy Goldenrod UPL M-D
5′
Yellow Aug-Oct

Solidago ulmifolia Elm-leaved Goldenrod UPL M-DM
3′
Yellow Jul-Oct  
Sparganium eurycarpum Giant Bur Reed OBL W
4′
White Jun-Aug

Tephrosia virginiana Goat’s Rue UPL DM-D
1′
Pink Jun-Jul  
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple Meadow Rue FACW- WM-M
6′
Cream Jun-Jul

Thalictrum dioicum Early Meadow Rue FACU+ WM-DM
2′
Green Apr-May

Tradescantia bracteata Prairie Spiderwort FACU- DM-D
1′
Purple May-Jul

Tradescantia occidentalis Western Spiderwort UPL DM-D
2′
Blue May-Jul  
Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio Spiderwort FACU+ WM-D
3′
Blue May-Jul

Verbena hastata Blue Vervain FACW+ W-M
4′
Blue Jul-Sep

Verbena stricta Hoary Vervain UPL DM-D
2′
Blue Jun-Sep

Vernonia altissima Tall Ironweed FAC WM-M
5′
Purple Aug-Oct  
Vernonia fasciculata Common Ironweed FACW WM-M
6′
Purple Jul-Sep

Vernonia missourica Missouri Ironweed FAC WM-DM
5′
Purple Jul-Oct  
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver’s Root FAC WM-DM
5′
White Jun-Aug

Vicia americana American Vetch FAC WM-D
1′
Purple May-Jul

Viola pedatifida Prairie Violet FACU M-DM
6″
Purple Apr-Jun  
Zizia aptera Heartleaf Alexanders FACU M-DM
2′
Yellow Apr-May

Zizia aurea Golden Alexanders FAC+ WM-DM
3′
Yellow Apr-Jun

View/Print Species List (PDF)

 

WETLAND CODE:

OBL (Obligate Wetland) – Occurs almost always under natural conditions in wetlands.

FACW (Facultative Wetland) – Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally found in non-wetlands.

FAC (Facultative) – Equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands.

FACU (Facultative Upland) – Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally found in wetlands.

UPL (Obligate Upland) – Occurs almost always under natural conditions in non-wetlands.

+ More frequently found

Less frequently found

SOIL MOISTURE:

W (Wet) – Saturated Soil

WM (Wet Mesic) – Seasonally Saturated Soil

M (Mesic) – Moderately Moist Soil

DM (Dry Mesic) – Well-Drained Soil

D (Dry) – Excessively Drained Soil

 

SUN EXPOSURE:

Full Sun

Partial Sun

Shade